In 1926, the Criminal Intelligence Unit was established with the sole responsibility of collecting, tabulating and recording the history and data on criminals, undesirable and suspicious persons. It later took on board the Intelligence, Crime, Passport and Immigration sections, in addition to the Fingerprint section which had been in existence since 1909.
In 1935 the C.I.D moved into new offices at the Law Courts where the current Supreme Courts are now situated from the location of the Serena Hotel. To enhance its capacity of crime investigation, the C.I.D. Training School was established in 1957.
In 1975 the Department moved to Kilimani area Headquarters along Valley Road. In the year 2003 the Department moved to its present premises at Mazingira Complex off Kiambu Road.
The promulgation of the constitution in 2010 set stage for the establishment of the Directorate of Criminal Investigations. This was actualised in the enactment of the National Police Service Act of 2011. Part V, Section 28 and 35 of the Act outlines the Directorate’s mandate as provided for under Article 247 of the constitution.
The Directorate of Criminal Investigations is established under the National Police Service Act, 2011. It is part of the larger National Police Service; the other organs being the Administration Police Service and Kenya Police Service.
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